15 Benefits of Bitter Gourd That Makes It Even More Worth Eating

15 Benefits of Bitter Gourd That Makes It Even More Worth Eating
Main Name: Bitter Gourd, Bitter Melon
Biological Name: Momordica charantia
Names in other languages: Calabaza (Spanish), Courge (French), Dýně (Czech), Karela (Hindi), Paakharkaai, Pavakkai (Tamil), Pavayka, Kaippakka (Malayalam), Kakara kayi (Telugu), Karelu (Gujarati), Korolla (Bengali), Karle, Karali, Kareti (Marathi), Kalara, Changkha (Oriya), Karela (Urdu & Punjabi)
As the name suggests, bitter gourd is bitter on the taste buds and hence, is excluded from most meals. But this does not deprive it of certain health benefits. Known for its acquired taste, bitter gourd is also referred to as a ‘balsam pear’ or ‘bitter melon’. Similar to a cucumber in appearance, the bitter gourd is distinguished by ugly gourd-like bumps all over its body. There are two varieties: one that is oblong, pale green and grows to 20cm in length, and the other which is relatively smaller, measuring 10 cm, oval and dark green in colour. Botanically known as Momordica charantia, bitter gourds belongs to the Cucurbitaceae family, which includes cucumbers, squashes, luffas and melons. Since these vegetables can thrive in hot and humid climates, they are mostly cultivated in the tropical parts of the world such as Africa, Asia and South America. Although it has a bitter taste, this vegetable is enriched with several nutritious benefits that improve overall health. Check out some useful information about bitter gourds in the following sections.Bitter-Gourd-2

By Balaram Mahalder (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Native to tropical Asia, the bitter gourd has a long history dating back to about 600 years in China. The Chinese associated the bitter gourd as a beneficial vegetable for medicinal purposes, particularly for those suffering from diabetes. Additionally, it was used as a folk remedy for curing tumors, asthma, skin infections, GI problems, and hypertension. Not just China, the medicinal benefits of bitter gourd were highly treasured in India, Africa, and southeastern US as well. It is widely spread across tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions. Today, this bitter yet healthful vegetable is commercially cultivated in China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Thailand, India, Philippines, Malaysia, South America, and the Caribbean.

Health Benefits of Bitter Gourd

  1. Due to its hypoglycemic action, bitter gourd makes an excellent remedy for diabetes. The insulin-like peptides, alkaloids, and charantin combine to lower blood and urine sugar levels without increasing blood insulin levels.
  2. The blood purifying properties of bitter gourd deem it to be an ideal treatment for blood disorders like blood boils and itching due to blood poisoning caused by bacterial toxic substances in the blood.
  3. Fresh juice extracted from bitter gourd is beneficial for people suffering from piles. All you need to do is prepare a mixture of bitter gourd juice and buttermilk and have it every morning for about a month.
  4. Cellulose is a good source of fiber which helps in preventing constipation. Bitter gourd contains cellulose that acts as a great digestive agent and helps in stimulating the secretion of gastric juices. This, in turn, helps people suffering from dyspepsia.
  5. Bitter gourd encourages the liver to secrete more bile juices which are necessary for the metabolism of fats. Hence, if you are yearning for a perfect, slim figure, include loads of bitter gourd in your diet.
  6. Researches indicate that a glass of bitter gourd juice strengthens the immune system and increases the body’s power to fight against infections. Besides, it also improves the immunity of cell functioning in people suffering from cancer.
  7. Regular consumption of bitter gourd juice is known to stimulate the energy and stamina levels in the body, especially in people suffering from chronic fatigue syndrome.
  8. Bitter gourd is a known remedy for curing various skin diseases and skin infections, such as eczema. Not only it avoids the skin from developing blemishes, it also improves the glow and texture of the skin, ensuring that you do not develop any acne. It has also been acknowledged for successfully healing skin eruptions, chapped skin, burns, and hemorrhoids.
  9. Consuming bitter gourd juice on a regular basis aids in improving the condition of psoriasis and other infections of fungus, such as athlete’s foot and ringworm.
  10. Bitter gourd acts as an antidote for alcohol intoxication and promotes purification, restoration, and nourishment of the liver. The juice, in particular, is beneficial for treating a bad hangover.
  11. With high levels of beta-carotene and other beneficial compounds, bitter gourd juice is regarded as the best drink for alleviating eye disorders and strengthening eyesight. Further, it is recommended by herbalists for normalizing restless sleeping patterns.
  12. Diluting 2 ounces of bitter gourd juice with honey and water helps in fighting and improving pharyngitis, bronchitis, and asthma.
  13. By cleansing the blood and body from harmful toxins, bitter gourd helps in getting rid of jaundice, due to its highly beneficial properties.
  14. By stimulating the secretion of gastric juices properly, bitter gourd helps in enhancing the digestion process. To add on, it is used for treating intestinal worms, constipation, and diarrhea.
  15. Bitter gourd is considered beneficial for the overall health of women. Not only it helps in treating menstrual disorders and female genital tract related problems, it assists in secreting milk during the lactation phase after pregnancy.
Bitter Gourd Nutrition FactsAmount: 1 cup
Total Weight: 93 g


Nutrients Amount
Basic Components
Proteins 930 mg
Water 87.4 g
Ash 1 g
Fats 158 mg
Total Calories 16
Calories From Carbohydrate 12
Calories From Fat 1.3
Calories From Protein 2.3
Total Carbohydrates 3.4 g
Dietary Fiber 2.6 g
Vitamin A 438 IU
Vitamin C 78 mg
Thiamin 37 mcg
Riboflavin 37 mcg
Niacin 372 mcg
Vitamin B6 40 mcg
Folate 67 mcg
Pantothenic Acid 197 mcg
Calcium 18 mg
Iron 400 mcg
Magnesium 16 mg
Phosphorus 29 mg
Potassium 275 mg
Sodium 4.7 mg
Zinc 744 mcg
Copper 32 mcg
Manganese 83 mcg
Selenium 0.19 mcg


How many calories in bitter gourd (per 100 gm)
Bitter gourd has about 17 calories per 100 gm of weight.
How to Buy Bitter Gourd
  • Select bitter gourds that are unripe and fir as the ripened ones are extremely very bitter. Young and immature bitter gourds can be used for cooking due to their bright green skin, white flesh and small and tender seeds.
  • Avoid buying bitter gourds that have soft spots or have turned orange. This indicates overripe and mushy vegetables that can often split into segments that curl back, exposing the seeds covered in bright red.
Bitter Gourd Storage Tips
  • Wash the bitter melons in running cold water, once you bring them home. Dry them gently on paper towels and place them in a perforated plastic or paper bag.
  • When stored in the crisper drawer of the refrigerator at 50F, bitter gourds last for 3-5 days longer.
  • Storing bitter gourds at room temperature or with other fruits and vegetables can increase the speed of the ripening process, making them bitter.